Clock ticks to a supreme meet
is high time to think on our planet.
Save Mother Earth
from manmade Catastrophe,
Nature and think on our generations.
and Conserve for posterity.
Copenhagen will witness a summit on climate change in December.
Still there are many confrontations; every one wants a consensus on climate
us hope this winter meet will lead to a pleasant spring ahead.
presents write-ups and interviews on climate change. The
first of its series is here: “Talk Climate.”
The whole world
is discussing seriously on climate change and its impact on nature. The main
concern of all the debate is focused mainly on water scarcity, carbon
emission, and the rise in sea level.
The consequence of
climate change will vary from water to eco systems, food and coasts. It is a
location specific phenomenon with a global impact. Asia, Africa, Australia,
Europe, Latin America, North America, Polar Regions, Small Islands; the
affect of climate change in regions are thus different in nature. However,
the common blow is disastrous.
government held a meeting under water to draw attention to the threat of
global warming. This is the first effort in the world to set an awareness
campaign by conducting 14 member cabinets under water.
There is no meaning
in Left or Right, White or Black, Rich or Poor categorization on the topic
of environment. We need pure breathing air, clean drinking water and
beautiful Nature for healthy and peaceful existence, on a sustainable basis.
However, climate change issue has also become a political and economic
matter of relevance and there are many differences among nations. Many
factors pull back climate change talks on the sidelines of Copenhagen summit
from a collective success.
regionalism, power-games and financial-egoism rule the world, it is
difficult to reach compromise on carbon-emissions or environmental issues.
The Mother Nature - for all people
Climate change is a
subject that requires emergency human interference by upholding great
values. This is not just a present situation or temporary one, but a serious
matter, which needs to be tackled in a multidisciplinary manner with utmost
sincerity and dedication. Participation of people from policy makers to
layman at grassroots upholding a view on Think Globally, Act Locally, as the
catchphrase would definitely help resolve the challenging aspects and
preserve Mother Nature with all its glory for our future generations.
Royal Society, London has published various aspects of climate change. The
Earth’s climate is complex and influenced by many factors. Climate is often
defined as “average weather.” Change in solar activity is one among the
matters that influence the climate. The fluctuations in the temperature have
been phenomena since many centuries. The Earth’s orbit around the Sun drove
changes in carbon level in atmosphere. The oceans omit carbon dioxide as
they warm up and absorb it when they cool down. Soil releases green house
gases as it warms up. These green house gases would contribute to increased
have risen by about 0.75 percent in the past 100 years. The most important
green house gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone.
Water vapor’s affect is depended on regions. Its’ direct bang on downward
infrared radiation is small. Apart from the green gas impact, changes in
some particles (aerosols) and the use of land are decisive in climate
U.N. under-secretary-general for humanitarian affairs says “The scale of
the potential humanitarian challenge presented by climate change in the
future is huge. This is a defining moment
to ensure that the challenge is not insurmountable and human suffering is
Copenhagen conference on climate change
Let us hope that
this conference on climate change, scheduled for December to be a high
voltage talk forum for environmental issues. American Security Project
reports the security issues behind climate change. “Climate change is not
just an environmental issue. It is also a threat to National Security.”
“Climate change is
reducing drinking water supplies in developing countries while rising sea
level will displace millions who live on coasts. That will destabilize
developing countries, creating the conditions for war and breeding ground
for terrorism.” American senator John Kerry addressed its citizen on the
security threat and long-term consequences of climate change.
The most affected
regions will be South Asia, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa and Central
America. Europe will face an impact of migration from the Middle East,
Turkey and Sub-Saharan Africa.
people travel beyond the borders in-group and will lead to territorial
conflicts. The migration will cause many matters of concern including water
shortage and socio-economic issues.
is the basic reason for global warming and climate change. The harmful
effects from these are already here and worsening, warns the first climate
report from the US Government. Being one of the biggest polluters, America
has a great role to reach an agreement for reducing carbon emission.
However, unfortunately, Obama administration has not yet arrived on a
consensus on cut on carbon emission.
specific U.S. commitment to cut greenhouse gas emissions, negotiators will
agree only a "very weak" global deal to curb climate change in Copenhagen
next month, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Chairman
Rajendra Pachauri said.
China overtakes America in carbon emission
The recent sudden
increase in the carbon dioxide for a century is not only a natural process,
according to science experts. Thirty percent of emission comes from burning
of fossil fuels, points out chemical analysts. Human interference is the
main reason for all fifty percent of the emission since last 50 years;
especially activities like the production of cement and wide spread burning
of world’s forests. In the pre-industrialization era carbon dioxide made up
about 0.03 per cent of the atmosphere or 280 ppm (parts per million).Today
it is about 380 ppm thanks to human influence, studies reveal.
However, the U.S
delegation on climate change warned China to cut down its emission by 2050.
U.S team in Barcelona on climate change talk says China has overtaken
America in carbon emission. Political and diplomatic difference is the main
obstacle on global warming issues. There are lots of differences among each
continent. India and China are the fastest growing economies of the world.
Western nations are compelling both Asian giants to cut green gas emissions.
But when world powers and wealthy nations are hesitant on deals and trying
to protect their own interests, the negotiation moves get a halt. The
preparatory meet on climate change in Barcelona also faced some differences
of the climate system is unequivocal as is now evident from observations of
increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting
of snow and ice and rising global sea level. Climate change is already
resulting in an increase in the frequency, intensity and duration of floods,
droughts and heat waves” stated Pachauri.
The US researchers
have the evidence to show that human activity is one of the major reasons to
warm the globe. Researchers presented in an article in Science journal how
quickly the Arctic responds to climate change.
Global warming is
the after effect of industrialization. Deforestation, dying rivers, carbon
emission from heavy industries, planes and ships has been the major
contributor of global warming. Scientists have pointed out temperature in
the Arctic region is now the highest.
Kyoto protocol and endless disputes:
UN’s existing Kyoto
protocol does not deal with carbon emission from shipping and aviations.
Head of climate
change advice at UK Met office Vicky Pope
explains: “If emissions continue at the current rate, global average
temperature is likely to rise by four degrees centigrade by the end of the
century or even substantial; earlier. We need to take action now to reduce
emissions to avoid water and food shortages in the future.”
Forests, rivers and
many natural habitats have been abused in the name of development. The great
lesson men never learned or deliberately ignored is that these are
irrevocable and that the global tag of sustainable development would just
remain a fallacy if we simply forget our pristine Mother Earth.
Assessment Report (AR4) in 2007 had pointed out all the scientific aspects
and consequences of climate and all governments approved it, across the
organizations and Nature lovers
have appealed rich nations to contribute adequate fund for helping poor
nations, the scapegoats of formers’ carbon emission. Activists are demanding
deep cuts in green house gas emissions. It demanded developed nations to pay
$160 billion a year to help the poor. It also calls on industrialized
countries to raise at least $160 billion a year from 2013-2017, mainly via
auctioning of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions allowances, to help developing
nations cope with climate change.
nations take tough stand on funding; others are trying to protest against
the move. African nations’ recent boycott call is such a go. Kyoto
Protocol is said to be the loophole for America, in which all
industrialized nations except the United States has to cut greenhouse gas
emissions until 2012.
Affect on the Rain Forests - World's Lungs
have been damaged in large
amount in many countries. Palm trees are replaced in the place of the
Natural forest that produces the life breathing Oxygen. Besides this,
rainforests are the epic centre of biodiversity not only for as many as
rare species, which are facing extinction, but also for effective
sustenance of the food webs.
much needed income for developing countries, it has led to severe
deforestation, human rights abuses and loss of endangered wildlife in
Malaysia and Indonesia. Deforestation in Central and South America, Africa
and Asia, now produces nearly 20 per cent of annual carbon dioxide (CO2)
emissions-more than from all over the world’s transport !
Many species which
keep our ecosystem in earth balanced are losing their habitat. Orangutans,
the arboreal great apes now restricted to the islands of Borneo and Sumatra,
are threatened with extinction because of the loss of their natural homes.
Deforestation – of which palm oil is the biggest cause in Indonesia and
Malaysia – also generates 20 per cent of global climate change emissions.
Intergovernmental Panel on climate changes had warned Maldives that a rise
in sea levels of 18 to 59 cm by 2100 AD. This would be enough to make the
country virtually uninhabitable. This is not an issue of Maldives alone.
countries that are not much high on sea level like Maldives are facing the
same threat. Australian parliamentary climate change report said that worth
of 150 billion Australian dollar property was at risk from rising sea level
and storms that are more frequent. The Intergovernmental Committee Panel on
Climate Change estimates that a global rise in sea level of some 80cm is
possible by 2100AD. The coastal inhabitants would be the more risky group in
sandstorms, extinctions and more powerful cyclones…the horrifying disasters
of climate change await the planet. Millions of people expected to flee
their home countries to escape droughts and floods intensified by climate
change, said the Foundation for International Environmental Law and
Fleeing of nations
due to heavy drought or natural disasters may cause to the origin of
refugees across the territories. Just like war refugees, we will have to
meet climate change refugees. A study by the Internal Displacement
Monitoring Centre and the U.N. office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs (OCHA) reveals that in 2008 alone, more than 20 million people were
displaced by climate-related sudden-onset natural disasters, such as floods
As per the study
of International Food Policy Research Institute, per capita water
consumption will be increasing as 60 cubic meters in 2025 than 50 cubic
meters in 1995 in developed countries.
Depleting amount of clean drinking water, fresh water.
Clean water is set
to become the world’s scarcest but most-needed natural resource because of
new demands resulting from population increases. Demand will increase for
water for domestic use, as well as for agriculture, including new bio-pharma
and bio-fuel crops and industry processes.
countries with a population of about 600 million, is on the way to be either
considered cropland or freshwater scarce. According to World Bank estimate,
the demand for food will rise by 50 percentages by 2030 because of growing
population, rising affluence and western dietary preference by a larger
The scale of the
potential humanitarian challenge presented by climate change in the future
developing nations cannot reach on a consensus for a climate change formula.
Minister Gordon Brown pointed out
the seriousness of the issue and underscored the need of a strong deal by
Copenhagen talks to succeed the expiring
Kyoto Protocol to protect our planet from disasters. He highlighted the need
to check the emission. “If we don’t reach a deal at this time, let us be in
no doubt. Once the damage from unchecked emissions growth is done no
retrospective global agreement in some future period can undo that choice.
By then it will be irretrievably too late”-Brown said.
catastrophe is moving towards more complicated phase, where even
geographical conflicts among countries are possible, think-tanks believe. In
short, war for water will not be an exaggerated term.
designed a framework for both rich and poor nations to cut emissions.
Britain’s initiative as a front-runner to lead European Union for a climate
change pact has been admired by environmentalists and climate change experts
The Global Carbon
Capture and Storage Institute, recommends to build 100 major projects for
capturing and burying greenhouse gases by 2020 and thousands more by 2050 to
help combat climate change, according to the International Energy
Agency. Desperately enough, only seven of such projects are active in carbon
(To be continued)
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