The district has a humid climate with an oppressive hot season from March to the end of May. This is followed by the South-West monsoon which continues till the end of September. October and November from the post-monsoon or retreating monsoon season. The North East monsoon which follows, extends up to the end of February, although the rain generally ceases after December.
During the months of April and May, the mean daily maximum temperature is about 35o Celsius. Temperature is low in December and January- about 20o Celsius. On certain days the night temperature may go down to 16o Celsius.
The annual average rainfall is 3438 mm and more than 80 percent of it occurs during the period of South- West monsoon. The rainfall during July is very heavy and the district receives 68 percent of the annual rainfall during this season.
China clay is found in abundance in Thaliparamba and Kannur taluks of Kannur district. Theses resources are not fully utilized in the district.
The district is endowed with rich deposits of clay of which various types are mined at many places for potteries, tiles and ceramic industries. The most important areas where clay has been found are Pattuvam, Korom, Perumba and Karivellore. Good quality kaolin occurs below the laterite capping around Pilathara and Thaliparamba.
There are a number of tile manufacturing centers along the coastal areas. Because of the abundant availability of clay, there is great scope for development of clay based industrial in the district.
Latterite is quarried for bricks throughout the district on a small scale to meet the local demand. Extensive quarrying is done in Kambil, kalyassery and Cheruthazham areas.
Thin horizons of lingnite are noted in the cliff sections at Kannur coast, Pazhayangadi and Meenkunnu.
Beach sands containing ilmenities, monazite, zircon, thorianite occur along the coast, especially to the south of Valapattanam river mouth and near Azhikode. Other minerals discovered recently are sillimanite near Chandirukunnu, graphite near Payyavur, Manakadavu and minor bands of iron ore near Cherukunnu Railway Station.
Many occurances of bauxite deposits have been brought to light in the district at Madayi, Korom, Payyavur and Pattuam near Thaliparamaba. They may find use in the manufacture of refractories and cement as they are not of high grade.
Limeshells used for the manufacture of white cement and for industrial purposes are found in the backwaters of Eranholi river, Dharmadam puzha, Anjarakandi river around Thalassery and Dharmadam as well as Valapattanam river in the east of Azhikkal ferry.
“Waste no time in vain regrets.”