Agriculture | Kasargod

Agriculture forms the mainstay of the population of the district. The soil in the three natural divisions generally fall under three types. In the highland region it is laterite. In the midland, the soil is a red ferruginous loam of laterutic origin with an admixture of clay and sand. The coastal strip is sandy. Diversity of crops and heterogeneity in cultivation are the key notes of agriculture here.

The eastern tract comprises of forests and hilly areas. The forest comprise of a variety of timber with teak and other plantations. The hilly areas are mostly cleared and put to private cultivation; the important crops being rubber, cashew and ginger. In the skeletal plateue areas, cashew trees are cultivated, while in some patches, arecanut,pepper and cocoa are grown. In the coastal tract, paddy, coconuty, arecanut, cashew, tobacco, vegetables and and tapioca are cultivated.

The important crops raised and their extent in the district are as below.

Sl. No    Crops Area in Ha.
          Paddy 8,974
2.                Coconut 31,2453
               Arecanut 12,225
               Pepper 3,402
               Cashew 16,143
               Tapioca 506
               Tobacco 835
               Rubber 7,643
               Sweet Potato 475
               Vegitables 948
               Pulses 1,134
               Banana 1,877
               Ginger 730
               Oil Seeds 4,070

Land use Pattern

As per survey reports, Kasaragod district covers a geographical area of 1,96,130 hectres. The composition of the geographical features are as detailed below.

Particulars Area in Hectres
Forest area 5,625
Land put to non agricultural use 15,131
Barren & uncultivable 11,692
Permanent pastures and grazing land 222
Land under miscellaneous tree crops 2,369
Cultivable wastes 17,194
Fallow other than 2,021
Current fallow 2,590
Net sown area 1,29,299
Area sown more than once 1,459
Total cropped area (gross) 1,40,757
Net irrigated area 30,419
Gross irrigated area 33,942

Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) :
The central plantation crops research institute is an establishment having national importance. With head quarters at Kudlu, 5 kms. north of Kasaragod, the CPCRI has regional stations at Kayamkulam, Vittal and Kozhikode. Its research centres are at Peechi, Palode, Hirehally, Appangala, Mohithnagar,and Kehikuchi. There are seed farms at Kidu and Sathigod, one field station at Thrissurand a World Coconut Germplasm Centre at Sipighat. The objectives of the CPCRI are to serve as national forum for improving genetic potential of plantation crops, to conduct basic and applied research on various aspects of these crops , to co-ordinate research works being done by other institutions and agencies in the country, to serve as an information centre on all matters pertaining to these crops, to produce genetically superior planting materials and to carry out all India co-ordinated cropping improvement project on coconut, areca nut, spices and cashew nut. CPCRI was established in 1970 by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Research is carried out on various branches of Agricultural sciences such as gardening, soil chemistry, plant production, micro biology, plant diseases, cattle rearing, pisci culture etc.

T into D, Mangala Aracanut, new spices of Cardomom, Turmeric and Cashew, mixed crop and multi crop system, etc are some of the contributions of the CPCRI for the development of agriculture. The most remarkable venture is tissue culture in coconut. Research on various diseases of coconut, arecanut, cashew, pepper and field cropshas given better yields.


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