Fast Forward Calicut: Tali temple. Built in the 14th century by swamy Thirumulpad, the zamorin, within his palace complex, this temple is the venue of Revathy pattathanam, the annual cultural and intellectual event. The tali temple is a fine example of the total integration that can exist between wood and laterite.
- 1550 – Portuguese attacked, pillaged and plundered Ponnani. They set fire to several houses and four mosques, including the Valia Palli.
- 1569 and 1570 -War with the Portuguese and Samoothiri’s forces. Kutti Poker lost his life in his heroic fight against the Portuguese at Chalium fort.
- 1571, September 15 – Portuguese lost the war, Chalium fort surrendered and Samoothiri destroyed the fort, leaving not one stone upon another.
- 1573 – Pattu Marakkar (Kunjali III) obtained permission from Samoothiri to build a fortress and dockyard at Puthupattanam. This fort later came to be called the Marakkar Kotta. It was from here that Kunjali defended the country against the atrocities of the Portuguese.
- 1584 – Samoothiri needed free navigation without the passes of the Portuguese, to the ports of Gujarat, Persia and Arabia, to continue his trade. So an agreement with the Portuguese was made. The sanction to the Portuguese to build a factory at Ponnani was given. By now Samoothiri had clearly shifted his policy towards the Portuguese. The valiant Muslim commanders like Kunjali Marakkar who fought for generations against the Portuguese were ignored when Ponnani was given to their traditional enemies.